We have no information to confirm that Iraq has developed or manufactured BW warheads for its ballistic missiles. However, Iraq has the ability to weaponize its BW agents'including anthrax spores'and we believe it is well within Iraq's technical capabilities to produce BW warheads for its Scud missiles'. It probably would take only one BW warhead to neutralize any one given target. Our analysis indicates that the Al Husayn [alternate spelling], carrying about 100 kilograms (KG) of dried anthrax spores, would theoretically produce a maximum area of lethal contamination of 1,600 square kilometers [579 square miles]. That would be a dispersion area about 90 KM long and 15 KM wide at the widest point [56 by 9 miles]. Other of Iraq's BW agents would be equally potent: Botulinus toxin would produce a maximum lethal area of contamination of about 21 square kilometers [8 square miles] and anthrax spores in solution would produce an area of about 110 square kilometers [42 square miles].' Iraq only needs a few BW-tipped missiles in its stockpile to cause significant casualties.(22)" See:http://www.iraqwatch.org/government/US/Pentagon/dodscud.htm
When Saddam Hussein launched Scud missiles at Israel, there was serious concern these may have been mounted with CW or BW warheads. Iraq fired 42 Scuds that reached Israel or nearby areas of Jordan beginning on January 18, 1991."
Israel's history with hostile states and unconventional warfare threats is extensive and as one would expect they are well prepared to counter such threats. While the international community, outside the IC, has generally viewed state BWprograms with great skepticism, Israel, didn't have the luxury of engaging in highly theoretical debates on political correctness of their neighbors, nor could they afford to be so naive. In an article by Yaakov Lappin, Background: Looking at Israel's Bio-defence Program, he notes: "Biological warfare is considered by Israeli security officials to be one of the most dangerous forms of unconventional attacks, and an Israeli bio-defence program has taken shape in recent decades with the growing threat of bio-terrorism backed by rogue regimes. "I will say that Israel has the best solution to this threat in the world," Giora Eiland, former head of the National Security Council."I can say with certainty that Israel has prepared a series of steps designed to deal with biological warfare." Eiland said Israel had invested heavily in the field of bio-terrorism but added that the threat remained 'huge.' A bio-weapon can be dispersed in a hall full of people and the consequences would only be felt a week later," he warned. "This is unlike a chemical attack, which would be felt immediately." http://www.jpost.com/Health-and-Sci-Tech/Health/Background-Looking-at-Israels-bio-defense-program While Israel has endured countless threats of annihilation from states as well as terrorist organizations (Hassan Nasrallah/Hezbollah) the 2012 public announcement that Syria possessed a biological weapon program, only further substantiated the bases for Israeli's robust bio-defence architectures.
In July 2012, when Jihad Makdissi, spokesman for the Syrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, announced on Syrian state t.v. that Syria essentially possessed a biological warfare program, Israeli concerns were validated and who better than the source to provide such validation. Although this is not the first time Syria has announced it has a biological warfare program, it is the first time the press took note and only because concerns were raised with regard to Assad's well known chemical weapon program and stockpiles.